Installation and mounting of CCTV cameras on private property in the UK in the eye of the law

Each of us treats our home or apartment as a refuge of safety and wants this place of daily existence to be a safe haven. Some replace locks for this purpose, others install alarms. However, more and more people are choosing an affordable and modern solution, which is monitoring – installation of cameras on their own property. Is it legal under UK law to mount a camera on a property?

A camera system that records the environment is commonly called CCTV. As far as city monitoring, managed by the city authorities and authorized services, is not particularly controversial, cameras on private property may cause discussion.

All disputes revolve primarily around data privacy and image protection. It would seem that according to the motto “my home is my castle” installing and using cameras on one’s own property should be of no interest to outsiders. This seems logical, but what about the case when a camera mounted just outside the fence has a range that covers the entire sidewalk and all passersby? Or does it protect your garage while keeping a constant eye on your sunbathing neighbor? These situations all raise legitimate objections and in many cases the case ends up in court.

This is why UK law recommends restraint and responsibility in the use of CCTV systems. It is best to install the cameras so that they are for security purposes only, while not raising suspicion of dishonest intentions. The legislature does not restrict the use of CCTV on your own property in any way, but suggests other precautions that may be sufficient to protect you – such as an alarm or automatic lighting.

Do you need to be informed?

Under UK law, notification of the installation of a CCTV system is not required, but it is nevertheless advisable to hang a suitable sign and talk to your neighbours. It is the responsibility of the private camera owner to regularly check the operation and tightness of the system. Third party data should not be leaked or used inappropriately, other than to protect against an immediate and real threat.

Evidence in the case

Importantly, CCTV footage under UK law can be used as evidence in police proceedings. Officers may be interested in it for accidents, beatings, theft, etc. If you know about an incident and feel that your recording could help in catching the perpetrator or solving the mystery – report to the nearest police station.

Recording on one’s own property is legal, but requires special responsibility. Although the British government recommends on its website more conventional forms of protection, i.e. those that do not raise suspicion of deliberate interference with another’s privacy, there is no legal basis for prohibiting the installation of cameras on one’s own property (known as CCTV). However, if you overstep the bounds of good fellowship with your neighbors or passersby, you can expect a case in court. The situation will certainly be ambiguous, with no scales tipping directly to a particular side.